Taurine is a nonessential amino acid that is largely concentrated in the liver, heart, skeletal muscles and the central nervous system. It is a structural component of the bile acid, which is needed to metabolize fat and to absorb fat-soluble acids and vitamins. Low taurine concentration can lead to the accumulation of fat in your liver, blood and tissues. Taurine is also affects the production and release of your neurotransmitters and helps to regulate calcium channels on your cell membranes. Adequate taurine balance in your body is necessary for proper osmoregulation, skeletal muscle function, nerve impulse conduction and cardiovascular performance.
One of the most notable functions of taurine is controlling your blood pressure. Taurine is a diuretic. It regulates the sodium magnesium pumps, keeping magnesium and potassium inside the cell and the sodium out, and maintains the osmotic balance of your tissues and blood. At high taurine concentrations, any access fluid in your blood and tissues surrounding your heart is flushed out, leading to lower blood pressure and reduced cardiac stress.
Taurine also inhibits the action of angiotensin II, the hormone that increases blood vessel constriction. Increased taurine concentration allows blood vessels to expand which further reduces your blood pressure and your risk of strokes and coronary heart disease.
Taurine must be present to make bile acid, which enables fat and cholesterol metabolism. Studies have shown that high taurine level can effectively block cholesterol absorption and transport into your blood stream. Increase of taurine concentration can result in lower blood level of plaque forming bad cholesterol, LDL and VLDL. Taurine supplementation has been used in combination with coenzyme Q10 to prevent and treat atherosclerosis and hyperlipidemia.
Taurine is found in abundance in the myocardium of the heart. It helps to modulate the low voltage-dependent calcium channel which allows the transmission of action potential whereby triggering contraction of heart muscles. Low taurine levels can reduce the strength of heart muscle contraction and cardiac output. Sustained deficiency can increase your risk of cardiomyopathy. Some studies have shown that administration of supplemental taurine can help reduce the severity of the disease and can often bring about complete recovery. Taurine also partners with magnesium to maintain proper heart rhythm, and has been used as an effective treatment for cardiac arrhythmia.
Additionally, taurine can help protect your heart and blood vessel cells from oxidative free radicals and exposure to toxins. It helps with lead and cadmium eliminates and
Potential Dangers of Energy Drinks
Though the numerous health benefits of taurine have lead to growing popularity for taurine-based energy drinks, like Red Bull and Rock Star, there is also evidence that over consumption of these drinks may cause more harm than good. A study has found that drinking Red Bull can increase your blood stickiness and heighten your risk of blood clots. Another study has claimed that energy drinks can cause heart damage. Because of these negative possibilities, energy drinks are not recommended for elder adults and people with preexisting heart conditions.