Diabetes: Managing Your Carbohydrate Intake

Diabetes: Managing Your Carbohydrate Intake

One of the most common and persistent ailments in the world, diabetes occurs when the body is not processing sugar correctly. This can be controlled by counting the diabetes carbohydrate intake in your diet. Your doctor can diagnose your diabetes as either as Type I, where your pancreas stops producing insulin totally, or Type II diabetes, where your body does not produce sufficient quantity of insulin. To cure this ailment effectively, it is necessary that you monitor what you eat, especially your carbohydrate intake (apart from taking the prescribed drugs or insulin regularly).  Let's see what exactly carbohydrates are and examine how they affect our blood sugar levels.

The Food We Eat

The diet we consume comprises of different kinds of food items that contain essential nutrients such as fats, carbohydrates, proteins, and vitamins. These nutrients give us the energy and strength to carry out our day-to-day activities. Carbohydrates can be divided into either simple carbohydrates or complex carbohydrates. The simple carbohydrates, or different forms of sugars such as glucose, fructose, and lactose, are present in food like cakes, sugar, or honey. Complex carbohydrates, or starches, are generally found in starchy vegetables such as potatoes or corn, grains, rice, breads, and cereals.

The body converts the carbohydrates it consumes into glucose, which is then transported by the bloodstream to different cells throughout the body. The insulin hormone helps in converting carbohydrates to sugars. Therefore, by controlling the carbohydrate intake in your diet, you can control the amount of sugar or glucose entering your blood, which in turn helps you to control your diabetes. This practice will also help you maintain a constant or level glucose reading for your diabetes. What's more, you can further control your blood sugar level by doing certain exercises, or by taking the appropriate amount of insulin.

Diabetes and Nutrition Plans

Your dietician or doctor can prescribe a proper diet for you, with a limited quantity of carbohydrates as required by your body after taking your age, weight, and size into consideration. They would also need to follow a trial and error method by observing and noting the result of a certain amount of carbohydrates in your blood sugar. They can devise a diet after verifying this pattern. The amount of exercise you do and the intake of your insulin levels can also influence your diet.

It is also important to watch the type of carbohydrates you consume in your diet. For instance, taking whole-grain food and fruits is a healthier choice (as they provide fiber, vitamins, and other nutrients) than consuming candies or sodas that just add extra calories to your diet (and don't have high nutritional value attached to them).