Hypothyroidism: How Diet Can Ease/Worsen Your Symptoms

Most health care practitioners agree that the right hypothyroidism diet, combined with ongoing thyroid hormone replacement therapy, can help hypothyroidism patients increase their thyroid hormone production. An increase in thyroid hormone production that reaches normal levels, could also bring metabolism to normal levels.

Hypothyroidism Diet Dos

It is believed that certain diets, including the Zone Diet and South Beach Diet, can be beneficial for hypothyroidism patients because these diets limit the consumption of carbohydrates. Limiting the amount of excess carbohydrates can help with weight loss and healthy body weight maintenance.

Whether you are following a specific diet or not, it is important to know that foods which are believed to ease hypothyroidism symptoms. The following foods can achieve this because they are rich in tyrosine:

  • lean meat
  • fish
  • chicken and turkey breast
  • low-fat yogurt
  • low-fat milk
  • avocado
  • bananas
  • lima beans
  • pumpkin seeds
  • sesame seeds
  • lentils

Hypothyroidism Diet Don’ts

It is also thought that avoiding certain foods can be helpful because they can depress the function of your thyroid gland. Too much dietary fiber in some foods can impair the absorption of thyroid hormones. The foods that are most often blamed for worsening hypothyroidism symptoms are:

  • walnuts
  • soy beans
  • broccoli
  • cabbage
  • cauliflower
  • turnips
  • peaches
  • strawberries
  • peanuts
  • radishes
  • tofu
  • spinach
  • multivitamins containing iodine.

Eat Often

If you have low thyroid function, you might benefit from eating small meals throughout the day rather than three big meals. Eating more frequent, smaller meals of about 300 calories each will help balance slow metabolism, which is a symptom of hypothyroidism.

Monitor Salt Intake

Because too much salt can cause water retention and bloating, hypothyroidism patients should decrease the amount of salt in their diets.

Time Your Calcium Supplements

If you are taking thyroid hormone replacement medicine, do not take calcium supplements at the same time. Most health care providers recommend that you do not take calcium supplements within four hours of taking your thyroid hormone replacement medicine, because calcium supplements can interfere with your body’s absorption of thyroid hormone replacement medicine. If you are taking any vitamin or mineral supplements while you are undergoing thyroid hormone replacement therapy, be sure to ask your health care provider if they are safe to take with hypothyroidism treatments.


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