Obesity problems are caused by excess body fat, and they can cause many health problems and chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some types of cancer, depression, and osteoarthritis-as well as a reduced life expectancy. Obesity is a leading cause of preventable death worldwide.
Common Causes of Obesity
The most common causes of obesity are:
- a sedentary lifestyle
- psychiatric illness
- other medical issues
How to Avoid Obesity Problems
Most healthy adults and children can avoid obesity can with a combination of physical exercise and a nutritional, balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from the basic food groups including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, lean meats, beans, and healthy fats.
Fat intake should not exceed 35% of your the total calories in your diet, and most fats should be from monounsaturated and polyunsaturated oils from fish, nuts, olive oil, or canola oil.
By balancing the intake of calories with a good amount of physical activity, most people can maintain a healthy body weight for life.