Crohn's Disease: Diet Restrictions

When dealing with Crohn’s disease, diet awareness is instrumental for easing your discomfort and reducing your symptoms. Avoiding dairy products, high-fat foods, spicy foods and certain beverages may help to eliminate some of your symptoms.

What Is Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract. The inflammation can make it hard to metabolize food. In addition to experiencing diarrhea, bloating and nausea, it is common to suffer from a poor appetite in Crohn’s disease, which can result in malnutrition. If you suffer from this disease, you will want to pay close attention to your diet. Avoiding certain foods will go a long way in decreasing your symptoms.

The Best Diet for Crohn’s Disease

There is no scientifically proven ideal diet for Crohn’s disease. There is a list of foods that seem to aggravate the gastrointestinal tract and if reduced will often lead to greater relief. The best way to determine an ideal diet for this condition is by paying close attention to how your body reacts to the foods that you eat on a daily basis.

Keeping a Food Journal

To narrow down the foods that are irritating your gastrointestinal system, keep a food journal. List the foods you eat and the portion amounts. You will also want to write down any symptoms you experience. Through doing this, you will notice certain patterns. It is also helpful to bring this documentation to your doctor’s visit or to your next meeting with your nutritionist.

Crohn’s Disease Diet Restrictions

It is common for people suffering from Crohn’s disease to have negative reactions to foods that are high in fat. Dairy products, meats and fried foods are generally the common culprits. If you react negatively to dairy products, you might be lactose intolerant. Consider cutting out dairy products for a period of time to see if your symptoms decrease. Any time you cut out an entire food group, be sure to replace the nutrients in those foods by way of other foods or by taking nutritional supplements.

If eating meat causes you problems, experiment with meat that is lower in fat. Eat skinless chicken. Choose leaner cuts of meat. Eat salmon without the skin. See if these changes make a difference. If you find that you need to cut out meat, be sure to replace the protein in your diet through other sources. Some Crohn’s disease sufferers find that they benefit from high-calorie protein drinks.

Other foods that may be causing you issues include high fiber foods, such as raw fruits and vegetables. You might find that you can decrease your symptoms by cooking your vegetables instead of eating them raw. This tends to eliminate bloating for some people.

When it comes to beverages, there are a few considerations. Avoid alcohol, soda and coffee. Some teas also tend to irritate the intestinal tract. Try cutting out these drinks or limiting them to see if this reduces your symptoms.


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