Cardiovascular Disease: 9 Risk Factors to Avoid

Cardiovascular disease risk factors can cause a number of diseases of the heart. The most popular are heart attacks, strokes and heart failure. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in America. There are many risk factors associated with it, and by avoiding them you can reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease in your future.

There are some cardiovascular risk factors which you cannot avoid and these are things like genetics; but for the most part your actions and lifestyle is what will cause or prevent this disease.


Whether you smoke, chew tobacco, or inhale second hand smoke, you are increasing your risks of cardiovascular disease. Tobacco increases the risk of artery blockage, reduces oxygen in the blood, and increases your blood pressure.

Excess Use of Alcohol

Excess alcohol consumption can raise the triglycerides in the blood, lead to high blood pressure and obesity, and eventually may cause heart failure.

An Unhealthy Diet

It is amazing what you can prevent by eating a proper diet! Lots of fresh fruits and vegetables help to protect the heart and blood vessels. The fiber and high levels of antioxidants in fresh produce help to keep the blood clean, thus preventing the clotting of blood or other dangerous build-ups in the arteries.

High Blood Pressure

Your blood pressure is determined by the pressure of blood against the walls of the arteries. If the pressure is too high it can damage them. As the arteries try to heal themselves it causes scaring, which in turn causes build-up and eventually can block the arteries.

How can you avoid high blood pressure? Learning to deal with stress and eating a proper diet are a few things which you can do to help you to keep your blood pressure down.

High Cholesterol

There are two types of cholesterol known as LDL and HDL. The LDL contributes to the blocking of the arteries which causes heart disease. The HDL is the good kind, and it helps to lower the bad LDL levels.

High cholesterol is caused by eating too many trans fats and saturated fats. By avoiding excess junk foods and animal proteins you can decrease your intake of these dangerous fats.


Being overweight or obese also increases your risks, but with proper diet and exercise you can lose the excess weight to help you avoid cardiovascular disease.

Physical Inactivity

Not getting enough exercise will increase your risk by 50 percent! Breaking a sweat 2 to 3 times per week is all you need in order to decrease your risk of cardiovascular disease.


Diabetes is also a risk factor, and especially for high blood pressure and stroke. You can help to reduce some of the risks by controlling your blood sugar levels.


It is very important to identify the things that stress you out in life. By eliminating or learning to deal with them in an appropriate manner you can reduce your risk of high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Stress can also lead to overeating, alcohol or tobacco use. 

By avoiding the above cardiovascular disease risk factors early enough, you may be able to prevent this disease from happening.


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