Some women are sensitive to the hormones found in most contraceptives. The only contraceptive options that won’t cause weight gain for all women are hormone-free methods. Here are 6 types of contraceptives that won’t cause you to gain weight.
Condoms perform the double duty of contraception and protection against certain sexually transmitted infections. Most people are familiar with male condoms. They are traditionally made of latex and placed over the man’s penis during intercourse to prevent pregnancy.
A diaphragm is a barrier method that is shaped like a dome with a ring. The diaphragm is placed in your vagina to cover your cervix. Diaphragms should be used with spermicidal gel. Your diaphragm should be fitted by your health care provider. Diaphragms should be refitted after pregnancy or after a weight gain or loss of 15 lbs.
FemCap is a barrier method that looks like a sailor cap. It fits over your cervix and has a groove for spermicidal gel. FemCap must be prescribed by a health care professional, and the size is generally based on your obstetrical history. If you have never been pregnant, you will use a different size than if you have had a vaginal birth.
The ParaGard IUD is a copper t-shaped device that fits in your uterus. It is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. The copper seems to work as a spermicide. The ParaGard can stay in place for 10 years and can be removed any time you wish to become pregnant. The main side effect of ParaGard is that you may experience heavier periods in addition to cramps.
Spemicides are available over-the-counter in several forms, including foam, gel, suppositories, cream and film. You can use spermicide gel on its own or in conjunction with condoms, diaphragms, or the FemCap. Be aware that spermicides that contain Nonoxynol-9 can increase your chance of vaginal irritation and sores and might increase the risk of HIV transmission.
6. Tubal Sterilization
Tubal sterilization refers to a variety of procedures that permanently block the fallopian tubes, and you should choose this method only when you are 100% certain you do not wish to have any more pregnancies–ever. Traditional tubal sterilization involves a minor abdominal surgery during which your tubes are clamped, cut, or cauterized. Some women feel that they gain weight after this type of tubal sterilization. Surgeons debate why or even whether this surgery causes weight gain. One theory is that blood flow to the ovaries can be disrupted by the surgery, however this is not known for certain. If you are concerned about potential weight gain, you might consider a method that does not disrupt ovarian blood flow.
A nonsurgical option for tubal sterilization involves small plugs or coils which are placed in your fallopian tubes via your cervix and uterus in a simple outpatient procedure. Over several months, scar tissue forms around the plugs or coils causing a permanent blockage. A special x-ray will be performed after several months to make certain that your tubes are blocked. During the months that the scar tissue forms, it is essential that you use an effective method of contraception to prevent pregnancy.