Spider veins treatment has taken different forms over the years. These treatments are used to cure spider veins, which are similar to varicose veins that look like twisted and bulging cords swollen on the surface of the skin usually on the back of the calves or inside of the legs. The only difference is that spider veins are smaller.
Venous insufficiency is the main cause of this condition. This happens when the valves of the veins that work to prevent blood from flowing back weaken and allow blood to flow backwards. Accumulated blood enlarges the vein and results to spider veins. Aside from venous insufficiency, other causes of spider veins genetics, hormonal changes, and sun exposure.
Since spider veins are very common in this country with about 50 percent of women and 40 percent of men affected, laser spider veins treatment has become very in-demand. If you have a similar condition, and are considering this type of treatment, here are some things you should know first.
What is Laser Spider Veins Treatment?
Laser treatment is a quick and effective way of removing spider veins. Laser therapy, which has been used in the medical realm for the last three decades, is used in spider vein removal by using a focused beam of light to be targeted on the blood pigment. The laser heats up the small vein to remove the blood pigment without damaging the surrounding skin tissue.
What Lasers are Used?
Different kinds of lasers and light sources are used in this particular treatment. Some of the common ones include long-pulse alexandrite, diode and long-pulse Nd. A gel coolant is usually used to cool the top skin layer to reduce pain, discomfort, and risk of skin injury.
How Does this Treatment Work?
In the laser therapy, the light energy will be directed from a laser hand device to the vein. The light energy emitted will be absorbed by the blood vessel lining as well as the blood within the vessel. The heat produced causes clotting of the blood that the body absorbs over time. When the blood clot is reabsorbed, the blood pigment on the spider vein will disappear. This treatment usually lasts from 10 to 20 minutes only. It also does not require any anesthetic because there is barely any pain associated with this treatment.
What are Possible Side Effects and Risks?
Risks involved in this type of treatment are minimal. The devices used are state-of-the-art so you do not have much to worry about. As for side effects, the only ones recorded include redness, swelling, and discoloration of the skin after treatment. Redness and swelling go away after a few days while the discolored skin will go back to normal after one or two months. Burns and scars may also appear but only from poorly performed laser treatments.
Before you can undergo laser therapy, you need to be evaluated carefully by a doctor. Spider veins do not actually require medical treatment. They are only removed for cosmetic or aesthetic purpose only.