Manufactures often fortify their cereal, bread, juice and dairy products with extra doses of vitamins and minerals to help you meet your daily nutritional requirement. Fortified yogurt is considered a healthy food choice, and manufactures are extremely competitive in finding more ways of elevating the nutritional value of their product to make them more favorable to you.
In general, there are 4 major categories of macronutrients added to yogurts.
Vitamin A Palmitate
Vitamin A, also called retinol, is a fat-soluble vitamin that is best absorbed by your body when it comes from animal products like meats, fish and dairy. It plays a critical role in ensuring healthy vision, bone, hair and skin, as well as maintaining proper immune and reproductive functions. The daily recommended dosage of vitamin A is 900 micrograms for men and 700 micrograms for women. Women during pregnancy and lactation may need as much as 1300 micrograms per day.
Vitamin A is lost easily during food processing, and deficiencies of this vitamin can lead to diseases like blindness and stunted growth. Vitamin A palmitate fortified yogurt replenishes the nutrition lost during production, and it can supply you with 15% to 20% of your daily need for vitamin A per 8 ounce serving.
Calcium and phosphorous are minerals that are extremely important to a large number of body functions. Calcium is needed for bone development, conduction of nerve impulses, energy production and blood pressure maintenance. Phosphorous shares responsibilities in maintaining strong bones and cell metabolism. It is also needed in both DNA and RNA synthesis.
You are required to take 1000 milligrams of calcium and 1250 milligrams of phosphorous per today to avoid diseases like weakened teeth and osteoporosis. Tricalcium phosphate added to yogurt can give you a significant boost in bone health. An average 8 ounce cup can provide you with 20% to 25% of your daily calcium need and 10% to 15% of your need for phosphorous.
You need vitamin D to ensure proper calcium and phosphorous absorption and balance in your body. Deficiency can lead to thin and brittle bones. Vitamin D can be made by your body with enough sun exposure, but extra dietary intake of this vitamin is necessary to meet your body’s need. The daily dietary recommendation of vitamin D is 400 milligrams for an average adult, but seniors require as much as 600 milligrams. An average 8 ounce serving of fortified yogurt can contribute to about 15% to 20% of your daily need for this vitamin, and make you less susceptible to osteoporosis and skeletal deformation.
You are recommended to take 25 grams per day sustain proper digestive and excretory functions. Only certain brands of yogurt, such as Activia, Yoplus and Fiber One, add extra fiber to their product in the form of inulin. These are generally packaged into smaller 6 ounce cups with about 3 or 4 grams of fiber in each serving. Fiber fortified yogurts help you control your appetite and blood sugar, regulate your bowel function, and reduce your risks for colon cancer.