Paying careful attention to your diet during pregnancy is essential for both you and your baby. Eat a balanced diet. Do not diet to lose weight while pregnant, but do diet to control gestational diabetes. Make sure you clear all pills with your doctor. Folic acid pills are a good supplement for pregnant women, but many medicines can harm your developing child.
Foods to Avoid
No matter your diet, foods to avoid during pregnancy include:
- Foods high in caffeine
- Excessive junk food and artificial sweeteners
- Foods high in fat
- Foods with artificial additives
- Raw foods (shellfish, meat, fish, eggs, sprouts)
- Soft cheeses and pate (which may have too much bacteria)
- Fish high in mercury or polychlorinated biphenyls
- Smoked seafood
- Unpasteurized milk
- Unheated deli meat (reheat the meat until steaming to kill possible bacteria)
The Indian Diet and the Vegetarian Diet
Vegetarians and other dieters who eschew meat in their diet should pay careful attention to their diet during pregnancy. If possible, consider adding eggs to your diet, which will add a healthy amount of both protein and carbs to your nutritional intake. Egg curry is a popular part of the Indian diet for pregnant women. Roti (a kind of atta flour flatbread) and spinach curry are other popular sources of Indian nutrition.
Vegetarian diet and Indian diet food to avoid in your diet during pregnancy include:
- Any foods high in fat
- Overly spicy foods
- Large amounts of papayas
- Fried foods like samosa and pakora
- Excessive soy
If you suffer from gestational diabetes, keep a chart during your pregnancy of your sugar levels throughout the day. As your sugar levels are sure to spike at night, consider taking a walk after dinner to help you keep blood sugar levels down.
The most important part of your diet during pregnancy is to eat a healthy, balanced diet high in protein, carbs, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals. Avoid many of the same foods you should avoid in a regular healthy diet, but pay particular attention to any food that may carry harmful bacteria.