The antioxidants present in wines make drinking wine enjoyable. However, it should be kept in mind that it is moderate wine drinking that leads to good health. In men, 10 ounces of wine per day is considered moderate, and for women, it is 5 ounces per day.
Wines are made from grapes. Red wines are made from red grapes or black grapes and white wines come from white grapes (and sometimes black grapes). Both wines are processed differently, and thus have different levels of antioxidants.
The Process of Making Red Wines and White Wines
In the making of white wines, the grape juice and the skins are separated in the crushing process. After the addition of yeast, the fermentation process begins until it is ready to be filtered. The aging process comes next where the juice are stored in containers for months and then bottled to be marketed. White wine goes well with fish, poultry and pasta dishes.
Red wines are made by crushing the grapes. The juice, skin and even the stalk are fermented together at a specified period of time, and after the fermentation process is complete, the juice is separated and placed in oak containers for aging until they are ready to be bottled. They have rich, bitter and spicy flavors that match well with many dishes.
Red Wines Have Richer Antioxidants Compared to White Wines
Grapes are rich in antioxidants, especially their skin. Because red wine is fermented together with the skin, it has more antioxidants compared to white wines. These antioxidants called polyphenols are found to increase high density lipoproteins or HDL in the blood. They are called the good cholesterol, as they carry excess cholesterol in the blood and deliver it to the liver for further processing. They prevent the build up of fatty materials in the walls of the blood vessels leading to the heart. This in turn prevents the narrowing of the blood vessels and the development of heart disease.
Grape’s skins are rich in resveratrol as well, which is another type of antioxidant. It is found mostly in red wines. It is said to prevent the development of cancer by inhibiting tumor growth. It also decreases inflammation inside the body.
Some Positive Effects of Alcohol in Wines
Alcohols, as studies have shown, have in fact some kind of benefits to the health of the heart, when consumed in moderation. It helps increase HDL levels in the blood and decreases the formation of blood clots inside the blood vessels. But, experts do not encourage people who don’t drink alcohol to start, as they are generally toxic to the body in excess amounts, and there are other ways to prevent heart disease.