Controlling blood glucose during pregnancy is a vital step in preventing complications and birth defects. This is true regardless of whether the mother has diabetes before pregnancy, or is diagnosed with gestational diabetes. There are many things you can do to help keep your blood sugar levels in control during pregnancy.
Try to aim for a minimum of 30 minutes of aerobic activity each day. Walking and swimming are good excellent forms of exercise.
Snack and Eat Regularly
Include a bedtime snack that has both protein and complex carbohydrates. Whole grain crackers with fruit and cheese or a turkey sandwich on whole grain with milk are good choices.
Divide your daily food intake into three small meals and three snacks. This will keep blood sugar levels consistent.
Keep Your Diet Low-fat
Insulin becomes less effective with a high fat diet, so keep your diet low-fat. Avoid fried and greasy foods. Skip creamy sauces.
Eat foods high in fiber. Fiber slows the absorption of carbohydrates into the bloodstream and decreased the amount of insulin needed. Any ingested carbohydrate is broken down to sugar by the body. Complex carbohydrates, such as breads, cereals, and grains, enter the body slower than simple sugars do.
Avoid Simple Sugars
Simple sugars can be identified on food labels as ending in ose. Corn syrup, molasses, and honey are also simple sugars. Simple sugars enter the bloodstream rapidly, cause high spikes in blood glucose, and require larger amounts of insulin to process.
Achieving control of your glucose metabolism during pregnancy is one of the best things that you can do to keep your baby safe.