Keeping the blood glucose levels under control is important after you have been diagnosed with diabetes. Though, you can do more than maintaining these levels stable, and some foods will even help you to decrease blood sugar. A dietary plan based on such foods should not contain a glycemic load that exceeds 80 to 100 per day.
Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia
Hyperglycemia is defined as the condition in which excessive sugar is found in your blood. On the other hand, hypoglycemia is characterized by low blood glucose levels. Both these health conditions are serious and need to be treated. Fortunately, you can regulate the blood sugar levels in both cases by adjusting your diet.
What to Consider When Creating A Diet Plan?
Counting the overall amount of carbohydrates and the keeping track of the glycemic index of foods is very important. The latter influences the blood sugar levels directly. Carbohydrate intake needs to be regulated because some of these nutrients can cause blood sugar spikes. When creating a diabetes diet, it is best to measure the intake of simple and complex carbohydrates. Besides that, you need to learn which foods contain which type of carbs.
Carbohydrates, as well as sweet foods, should be spread out throughout the entire day, either included in meals or in form of snacks. In addition to that, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats should be balanced. Meals and snacks should be skipped, as the balance between food and insulin can be disrupted this way.
Diabetes Food Pyramid
Unlike Food Guide Pyramid, Diabetes Food Pyramid groups the foods according to their content of carbohydrate and protein. The six levels of this pyramid are:
- Grains and starches
- Milk and dairy products
- Meat and meat substitutes
- Fats, sweets, and alcohol
The order implies a decrease in complex carbohydrates and an increase in fats and sugar. Thus, the foods found at the base of the pyramid should be consumed in larger amounts, while the ones from the top should be consumed in lower quantities or even avoided, if possible. Some of the basic foods will also help you to regulate blood pressure, besides controlling the high blood glucose levels.
Grains and starches, fruits, and vegetables will not only stop your blood glucose levels from increasing, but they can also cause the glycemic index to decrease. This pyramid also includes a recommended range of servings. Provided that you consume the minimum number of servings, your calorie intake will be of 1600. On the other hand, the maximum number of servings will assure 2800 calories. These extreme values correspond to women (lower end) and men (upper end).