Ideal Protein Diet - New Article: Aspartame and Artificial Sweetners Make You Pile on the Pounds




Annik
10-24-2013, 03:29 PM
Aspartame: Recommended by Nutritionists But It Can Make You Pile on the Pounds (http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/10/23/aspartame-artificial-sweeteners.aspx?e_cid=20131023Z1_DNL_art_1&utm_source=dnl&utm_medium=email&utm_content=art1&utm_campaign=20131023Z1)


I am joining the campaign to stop aspartame dead in its tracks! This stuff is insidious and so encouraged by doctors and diabetes specialists!


nolasmurf
10-24-2013, 03:41 PM
great article. I was just discussing this with a friend!

Sunflower40
10-24-2013, 04:18 PM
In my personal experience it does not make me pile on the lbs. I've had a diet coke/pepsi every day for the past 4 months since starting IP (yes I know it's not on plan) and haven't had any trouble losing weight.

I'm not advocating it by any means because I'm sure the fake sugar is not good for you, neither is the fake sugar used in the IP products good for us. I just had my blood work done and I got a clean bill of health from my doctor. Again not saying this stuff isn't bad, just giving my personal experience.


Lolo70
10-24-2013, 04:24 PM
The effects on leptin have been shown quite conclusively. Although it remains to be said that you can drink a lot of diet coke without gaining weight as as long you do not overeat, as well. It is not an automatic response.

The effect on cancer as pointed out in the article has not been scientifically proven. If there were a "dramatic increase" in certain cancers, coke would be out of business. Aspartame has been used for decades already.

sarahBell
10-24-2013, 05:10 PM
I don't drink pop/soda so I guess I am ok. BUT it sneaks into other things too!

JohnP
10-25-2013, 12:23 AM
Mercola is a complete quack. (http://www.skepdic.com/mercola.html#new)

This is the reason I post on this site. So I can help people differentiate between good information and rubbish.

Please people, be wary of where you get your information. I realize it is easy to read something that confirms your own personal bias, but a good warning sign is when you see something like ...

"Ideal Water Sources"

Ideal water? Really? High school chemistry will tell you that water, it water. If it isn't H2O it isn't water.

DJ72
10-25-2013, 03:45 AM
LOL. I LOVE WHEN JOHN STEPS IN!!!!
I try not to overdo my Mio water and yes I drink some diet pop. Everything in moderation. Water can kill you if you drink too much if it!

kelseys928
10-25-2013, 09:17 AM
Mercola is a complete quack. (http://www.skepdic.com/mercola.html#new)

This is the reason I post on this site. So I can help people differentiate between good information and rubbish.

Please people, be wary of where you get your information. I realize it is easy to read something that confirms your own personal bias, but a good warning sign is when you see something like ...

"Ideal Water Sources"

Ideal water? Really? High school chemistry will tell you that water, it water. If it isn't H2O it isn't water.

I really love when you post. It seems like on here everyone believes that the ONLY way to lose weight is on IP so its good to see you come in and smack that idea away

JohnP
10-25-2013, 12:26 PM
By the way I should point out that my wife sees a naturopathic doctor because we both believe that prevention is the way to go and when possible prefer natural remedies. That said, when it comes to someone like Mercola, you have to only take one look at his online store and then you can easily put 2 and 2 together.

The guys purpose is not to help people achieve optimum health, it is to sell insanely over priced supplements. (http://shop.mercola.com/catalog/top-sellers,127,0.htm)

Annik
10-26-2013, 02:01 PM
Hey John P,

Good to hear your voice!

Mercola is not on the mark on all of his points .... but that doesn't mean he is off base on everything either.

Yes. It absolutely does make a difference about water. It's the reason that that many forms of mineral waters have healing qualities.

And it is also the reason that alkanylized (sp?) can make a big difference for some people.

H20 therefore is not all just H20!

And about aspartame?

There has been a huge, huge, huge campaign by multinational conglomerates to keep stevia off the shelves. Why? It poses a real threat to the chemical concoctions that are aspartame, splenda, etc that hurt us.

Same thing is happening here in Canada where I live. Farmers are working hard to get a hemp industry going. Huge, Huge, HUGE anti-hemp campaign being pushed by powerful plastics manufacturer about this.

Why? Hemp is so amazing in terms of what it can be used for (components for car parts etc made from hemp are more durable than plastic), that plastic manufacturers are threatened. Hemp -- given that it is a natural product -- is not harmful to the environment in the way that plastics are.

If you are interested more in the truth about aspartame than you are about condemning Mercola as a quack, I urge you to explore further afield and see what new studies are saying about aspartame.

How are aspartame manufacturers responding to this? They are upping their marketing campaigns to make aspartame seem even more 'healthful' by eg, adding vitamins and fibre to it and selling it as though it serves us on multiple levels of health.

Sorry. On this one, emerging science just doesn't back you up!

By attacking Mercola instead of the issue, you are really just dodging the issue.

Annik

Lolo70
10-26-2013, 02:35 PM
I have heard Coke and Pepsi are in the process of switching to stevia. It is correct that they tried to blacken stevia. But it still does not make aspartame toxic. Aspartame does "confuse" your body, but it is still the decision to eat sweets that piles on the fat and there are no conclusive studies showing that aspartame promotes cancer. If ill health effects are to be prevented, it is advised to do everything in moderation.

mkroyer
10-26-2013, 03:33 PM
And it is also the reason that alkanylized (sp?) can make a big difference for some people.

H20 therefore is not all just H20!
......................................
And about aspartame?

..........................................
If you are interested more in the truth about aspartame than you are about condemning Mercola as a quack, I urge you to explore further afield and see what new studies are saying about aspartame.

Sorry. On this one, emerging science just doesn't back you up!

By attacking Mercola instead of the issue, you are really just dodging the issue.

Annik

Ummm. I'm sorry Annik, actually its not a fallacy to attack one's "appeal to authority" when the other person appeals to an authority figure ;)

That said, there isn't valid, peer reviewed science to back up any of what YOU and Mercola are saying, so I issue you the same challenge: Bring some research papers/links to the actual research, in peer reviewed journals, that back up the claim that aspartame is single-handedly resposible for all the evils in the world (cancer, obesity, etc)... The evidence collected so far just doesnt support this. Yes, there are *some* indications that it (aspartame) *might* be interpretted by the body IN SOME PEOPLE as sugar. There have been studies, in LAB RIGHTS, who are fed un godly amounts of the stuff, that then develope issues.
Fine. Im not saying aspartame is good. im not saying its bad. I'm saying, don't accuse others of having NOT done their research, when they are not the ones citing a .COM as their source.



End rant. I realize that John can speak up for himself. :)
Annik- i am not slamming or attacking you, so my apologies that it seems that way. To paraphrase John's tag,, and first Kaplods) misinformation is rampant in this day and age

Meghan

Annik
10-26-2013, 03:54 PM
That's interesting about Coke. They are losing a lot of money because people are starting to catch on about artificial sweeteners and turn away from them.

One of the articles below says that Coke is still trying to defend use of aspartame. It takes a long time to kick use of a substance out of the system once it has met approval by so called authorities.

I can't speak specifically about cancer but I do know about the neurological and respiratory effects... and reading the studies that say that aspartame causes weight gain are concerning.

Because it takes time and money to progress information up the chain of proof from animal to human studies, it may take decades for independent science to reverse the initial advantage given by a government agency like the FDA, the USDA, or the EPA.

Aspartame is now in wide use, making its risks "impossible" to accept (even with scientific proof) given that by then millions have been exposed to its dangers.

Besides this, monied interests lie with continued use of aspartame.

And:

'Our medical treatment and research models focus on treatments of disease, rather than the causes of disease. [This makes it] harder after the fact to ascertain whether a person's illness was caused by aspartame or GMOs or other exposure to chemicals, like in plastic bottles and containers containing bisphenol-A (BPA), or chemicals used in fracking oil and gas wells, which are becoming more common, or myriad other chemicals or combinations of chemicals.'


Aspartame Poisoning (http://www.livestrong.com/article/29349-symptoms-aspartame-poisoning/) from Livestrong

Aspartame Poisoning (http://www.md-health.com/Aspartame-Poisoning.html) from MDHealth.com

Aspartame Dangers (http://www.sweetpoison.com/aspartame-information.html) by Dr. Janet Starr Hull

Coca Cola To Defend Dangers of Aspartame (http://www.collective-evolution.com/2013/08/15/coca-cola-to-defend-aspartame-in-new-commercial/)

Annik
10-26-2013, 04:01 PM
Ummm. I'm sorry Annik, actually its not a fallacy to attack one's "appeal to authority" when the other person appeals to an authority figure ;)

That said, there isn't valid, peer reviewed science to back up any of what YOU and Mercola are saying, so I issue you the same challenge: Bring some research papers/links to the actual research, in peer reviewed journals, that back up the claim that aspartame is single-handedly resposible for all the evils in the world (cancer, obesity, etc)... The evidence collected so far just doesnt support this. Yes, there are *some* indications that it (aspartame) *might* be interpretted by the body IN SOME PEOPLE as sugar. There have been studies, in LAB RIGHTS, who are fed un godly amounts of the stuff, that then develope issues.
Fine. Im not saying aspartame is good. im not saying its bad. I'm saying, don't accuse others of having NOT done their research, when they are not the ones citing a .COM as their source.



End rant. I realize that John can speak up for himself. :)
Annik- i am not slamming or attacking you, so my apologies that it seems that way. To paraphrase John's tag,, and first Kaplods) misinformation is rampant in this day and age

Meghan

Yes. There are peer reviewed studies.

Here's one of them.

52 Week Oral Toxicity Study in the Infant Monkey (http://www.wnho.net/monkey_study.pdf)

An article explaining the study is here: http://www.globalresearch.ca/poson-in-the-food-chain-the-health-impacts-of-aspartame/5325750

Global Research is an independent Canadian research science centre.

Annik
10-26-2013, 04:04 PM
Ummm. I'm sorry Annik, actually its not a fallacy to attack one's "appeal to authority" when the other person appeals to an authority figure ;)

That said, there isn't valid, peer reviewed science to back up any of what YOU and Mercola are saying, so I issue you the same challenge: Bring some research papers/links to the actual research, in peer reviewed journals, that back up the claim that aspartame is single-handedly resposible for all the evils in the world (cancer, obesity, etc)... The evidence collected so far just doesnt support this. Yes, there are *some* indications that it (aspartame) *might* be interpretted by the body IN SOME PEOPLE as sugar. There have been studies, in LAB RIGHTS, who are fed un godly amounts of the stuff, that then develope issues.
Fine. Im not saying aspartame is good. im not saying its bad. I'm saying, don't accuse others of having NOT done their research, when they are not the ones citing a .COM as their source.



End rant. I realize that John can speak up for himself. :)
Annik- i am not slamming or attacking you, so my apologies that it seems that way. To paraphrase John's tag,, and first Kaplods) misinformation is rampant in this day and age

Meghan

Meghan,

Your points are well taken.

I was not appealing to Mercola as an authority figure. His article cites other research. I frequently post about aspartame and share a variety of articles about it.

John participates in these boards and spews off a lot of stuff authoritatively. Interesting that when you know something about what he is spewing about, often what he says can be challenged.

Maybe he is right on some stuff. Maybe he is not.

All I can speak to is what I know about.

I don't think aspartame is responsible for all the evils in the world. I just know I would not go near the stuff with a 10 foot pole. The industry backing up and promoting its use has vested monied interests ... and often those interests supercede what is in our best interest.

It takes a long, long, long time to bring a substance down off its throne once it has been given the imprimatur by an Agency like the FDA.

It takes money to make a case in front of the FDA.

Usually it is industry and not independent scientists who've got money to do that.

Annik

lisa32989
10-26-2013, 05:15 PM
:corn:

Annik
10-26-2013, 05:26 PM
:corn:

You're funny! ;)

:sumo:

;)

brelo
10-26-2013, 05:37 PM
Kelsey, not one person on any of these threads has ever said that IP is the only way to lose weight. Many have said that FOR THEM it was the only plan that worked. I happen to be one of those. It is the only plan for the last 20 years that I have tried that has worked FOR ME, primarily because it was easy and I was able to stick with it. I am not going to list what I have tried and failed at as that would take too long.

Lisa, You totally crack me up!!

I have a friend who is a chemistry professor who stated once that aspartame turns to poison in your body! She still drank an occasional diet coke anyway.

Thanks for the conversation, I enjoyed it and a lot of interesting points were brought up.

lisa32989
10-26-2013, 06:01 PM
I know I've never said its the only way to lose weight. I lost on Atkins but never maintained.

I've struggled for years and IP was the only thing I found that I could stick to.
People are gonna lose weight on whatever plan works for them!

This is the IP forum. You don't like IP, hang out elsewhere! :snooty:

Annik
10-26-2013, 06:16 PM
I really love when you post. It seems like on here everyone believes that the ONLY way to lose weight is on IP so its good to see you come in and smack that idea away

It is hard for me to understand a perspective like this.

This is the IP forum.

If you have found something that works well for you and it's not IP, hurray for you!

I am in my 50's and have tried countless ways to lose weight. I am so thankful for finding something that really works... for me. IP is a form of ketogenic nutrition that addresses issues like insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome X.

Counting calories, Weight Watchers, vegetarianism, etc, are all approaches I've tried. None of them have worked as well as IP does.

Again, new science is emerging that shows that for some people, ' calorie is not just a calorie.' Higher sugar content is something that my body can't handle.

If IP doesn't work for you or you are simply not interested, no personal skin off my back.

But the way I see it, IP is not only helping me to attain better health, it also by default helping me to take a load off our health care system. My better health means I will cost our health care system less.

If you are Canadian and in particular a Manitoban, my weight loss is good news for you!

And if you know anything about how hard it can be to lose weight, then it surprises me that you wouldn't just be happy for someone who has found a way that works.

To each her own. If you don't like IP or aren't interested in learning more about it, don't come here!

Annik

Lolo70
10-26-2013, 06:31 PM
Kelsey, not one person on any of these threads has ever said that IP is the only way to lose weight. Many have said that FOR THEM it was the only plan that worked. I happen to be one of those. It is the only plan for the last 20 years that I have tried that has worked FOR ME, primarily because it was easy and I was able to stick with it. I am not going to list what I have tried and failed at as that would take too long.

Lisa, You totally crack me up!!

I have a friend who is a chemistry professor who stated once that aspartame turns to poison in your body! She still drank an occasional diet coke anyway.

Thanks for the conversation, I enjoyed it and a lot of interesting points were brought up.

I think aspartame can be metabolized and turn into formaldehyde, which is used to fix tissues. However, those amounts are miniscule. I probably have been breathing in formaldehyde in amounts that are millions of times higher. So far, I am still kicking. But I would not really use aspartame on a regular basis, as stevia is a more naturally tasting sweetener and has been used also for a long time. The FDA listens often to the side with more money. Just an unfortunate fact of life. But if aspartame would really be such a health issue, it could not be hidden by statistics anymore. It is also easy to avoid. Simply consume unprocessed foods. It is healthier than anything that is artificially sweetened or fat-free.

65X65
10-26-2013, 06:31 PM
I really love when you post. It seems like on here everyone believes that the ONLY way to lose weight is on IP so its good to see you come in and smack that idea away

I think for most people who may give that impression, that is not what is intended. There is a lot of cutting to the chase. We have history here .... with each other. We are on the same page, have walked the same trail. This is an IP forum. ...it is because so many of those posters (me included) have not had any other way work.

If you have not walked in those shoes... then all I, and some of us can say to you is .....good for you. My metabolism changed mid-life. I know both sides. My sneakers are well worn.

Annik
10-26-2013, 06:40 PM
I think aspartame can be metabolized and turn into formaldehyde, which is used to fix tissues. However, those amounts are miniscule. I probably have been breathing in formaldehyde in amounts that are millions of times higher. So far, I am still kicking. But I would not really use aspartame on a regular basis, as stevia is a more naturally tasting sweetener and has been used also for a long time. The FDA listens often to the side with more money. Just an unfortunate fact of life. But if aspartame would really be such a health issue, it could not be hidden by statistics anymore. It is also easy to avoid. Simply consume unprocessed foods. It is healthier than anything that is artificially sweetened or fat-free.

I wonder why then Coca Cola is turning away from aspartame if in fact they are.

I don't quite agree with the premise that 'it could not be hidden by statistics anymore.' In Canada, it took a long time before our government would ban the use of bpa plastics in products used for food. In fact as I write this, I don't think we've yet got a ban .... despite the now fairly well established science that says bpa leaches into foods and is dangerous for us.

In Canada, there is a lot of controversy going on in the science community. Our government really backs industry. Scientists who speak out about problems they see are being silenced.

I am not a scientist so I don't have personal experience about this.

I do remember being at a public speaking course about 12 years ago where there was a scientist who so clearly saw the dangers of bpa and was so totally frustrated by her self-perceived inability to articulate in a loudly resounding kind of way that mass public would hear as to why bpa was so dangerous.

It was extraordinarily difficult to witness her sense of frustration... knowing something so clearly yet being unable to stop the freight train of plastic.

Now 12 years later, her vindication begins.

Many companies that produce food and use bpa free plastic containers are labelling 'bpa free'.

Unfortunately, there are still those who don't know and still industries that go for the cheapest way to do things ... despite adverse health consequences for us.

Change takes time.

Lolo70
10-26-2013, 07:45 PM
Yes, but bpa's effects have been shown on a molecular basis. You can throw bpa on cells (or rather vice versa) and you will be able to visualize the effects. I think there are also human studies and the statistics are there. Since there are often powerful lobbies, it is hard to change laws. But once clear effects are emerging, even politicians have to move. The effects of aspartame and GMO on the other hand, don't seem so clear. You can try as a consumer to make choices, but you cannot worry about everything all the times. Even organic foods can contain unhealthy things. So, I go with moderation and foods that are largely unprocessed. At least your body should know how to deal with those.

Coca cola is going to switch because stevia has been approved for usage as a sweetener in other countries. Furthermore, there is a lot of publicity. So, rather than to try to bring it down, which they did successfully in the US so far, they are now jumping on the moving train. Better than being left in the dust with their "toxic" aspartame, I guess.

Annik
10-26-2013, 08:55 PM
bpa's effects have been shown on a molecular basis. You can throw bpa on cells (or rather vice versa) and you will be able to visualize the effects. I think there are also human studies and the statistics are there. Since there are often powerful lobbies, it is hard to change laws. But once clear effects are emerging, even politicians have to move.

And even with this evidence, it is still hard to get them moving.

A whole industry is geared to using one kind of thing. To change means expense. Expense means loss of profit.

It's tough to be an informed consumer in this day and age.

But you are right: you cannot worry about everything at all times.

A friend of mine is a pathologist: his opinion: it is usually something that you never even thought of that gets you in the end.

eg: work hard to avoid cancer but die from being hit by a car when you are crossing the street to get to the library.

It helps if one has a sense of humour through it all.

Lolo70
10-26-2013, 10:04 PM
Now I need to know where Lisa gets those cool emoticons from.

lisa32989
10-27-2013, 01:55 AM
The smilies are right next to the box in which I type my message.

Lolo70
10-27-2013, 02:39 AM
:lol:The smilies are right next to the box in which I type my message.

Annik
10-27-2013, 09:37 AM
Physicians Against Aspartame (http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/salud/esp_salud23n.htm)

Rounding up wisdom from a variety of sources about aspartame and other artificial sweeteners... including Mercola!

Annik
10-27-2013, 09:40 AM
Consumer reports on Aspartame (http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/salud/esp_salud23.htm#Additional_Information)

Annik
10-27-2013, 09:45 AM
Insight from 'The Doctors' tv show that sheds light on artificial sweeteners.

View this clip (http://www.thedoctorstv.com/videolib/init/7031) then this one. (http://www.thedoctorstv.com/videolib/init/7032)

kaplods
10-27-2013, 01:12 PM
You can pretty much dismiss any source that warns about the formaldehyde and methane "issue," because these are normal and perfectly safe digestive byproducts.

Fruit and fruit juice produce DRASTICALLY MORE formaldehyde and methane than an aspartame-sweetened diet soda (as in many times as much).


If you avoided all foods that produced these chemicals, you would have to eliminate virtually all fruit and fruit juices.

So why aren't we snatching bananas and apple juice out of the hands of toddlers if formaldehyde and methane are so detrimental in metabolic quantities?


I stumbled upon the blog below, when I was looking for some of the research I based my own aspartame use on (My decision, after reading and evaluating all the research pro and con, was to add a folic acid supplement and reduce but not eliminate my aspartame use).

I decided to post this, despite my promise to stay out of all IP threads (except the 90%ers thread because my own plan, The Simple Diet, is similar but not identical to IP).

I'm making the exception here only because the thread topic is aspartame science and has nothing to do with IP directly.

At any rate, back to aspartame science. I found that this blog summarized my own study of the research (and included research I wasn't even aware of).






Whatdoesthesciencesay.wordpress.com









*****************************

Annik
10-27-2013, 01:33 PM
February 2013: Artificial Sweeteners Tied to Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes (http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/artificial-sweeteners-tied-to-obesity-type-2-diabetes-1.1352987)

Annik
10-27-2013, 01:41 PM
I stand corrected. I see the CDA and the ADA are now starting to ask questions. Good.:

Is Aspartame Really Safer (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/30/7/e59.full)...

Annik
10-27-2013, 01:55 PM
2010 Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine: Gain weight by “going diet?” Artificial sweeteners and the neurobiology of sugar cravings (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2892765/)

Annik
10-27-2013, 02:00 PM
Brought to you by Pepsi at the Canadian Nurses' Association:

http://www.infirmiere-canadienne.com/images/pdf/2013/cnj-sep-2013/files/assets/seo/page19.html

Lolo70
10-27-2013, 03:36 PM
When I moved to the US from Europe I noticed mainly three factors that were significantly different: People in the US really love sugary foods (not just sweet, but actually plain sugar in taste), the portion sizes are enormous, and people do not move much (where I come from everybody walks the whole day). In science I have found that the scientific question asked always limits the kind of answers you can get. That's why it is important to think long and hard about what you actually want to ask. This is one of the reasons I generally ignore epidemiologic or statistical studies and I admit I am completely biased. If you do a study on obese vs nonobese people, it seems logical that obese people will use products with aspartame prominently and in many cases without success. They know they should loose weight, they therefore try to limit caloric intake, and they fail because the reasons they became obese are very often more complex than simple intake of calories.

So, you would be able to make a connection between aspartame use and obesity, but you would do so using a spotlight and ignoring all the dark areas around it, which you well know are there. But that would be hard to publish anywhere, whereas it is much easier when you come up with some controversial findings.

lisa32989
10-27-2013, 03:41 PM
Aspartame is one of the additives that causes migraines for me.
The more processed, the more migraines I get.

Good or bad? There are certainly 2 sides but DEFINITELY doesn't work for me.

Annik
10-27-2013, 03:45 PM
That's an interesting observation.

In a recent radio interview I heard with investigative journalist, Gary Taubes (Why We Get Fat (http://www.amazon.com/Why-We-Get-Fat-About/dp/0307474259/) and Good Calories, Bad Calories (http://www.amazon.com/Good-Calories-Bad-Controversial-Science/dp/1400033462/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1286302951&sr=1-1)) he talked about his frustration with the way many so called scientific studies are done in the world of nutrition.

He observed that people who were participants weren't properly tracked and that this made it difficult to factor in the issue of 'compliance' v 'non-compliance.'

For this reason (and others), he has founded the not for profit research organisation, Nutrition Science Initiative (NuSi). It's purpose: to facilitate and fund rigorous, well-controlled experiments targeted at resolving unambiguously many of the outstanding nutrition controversies — to answer the question definitively of what constitutes a healthy diet. (http://garytaubes.com/2012/09/the-launch-of-the-nutrition-science-initiative/)

Jojo381972
10-27-2013, 08:54 PM
Thanks a lot for the links Annik.

I actually read Mercola very often. I just posted your original link on my facebook a few days ago. I have also cut out Nutrasweet and Sweet N Low and switched to Stevia. There are too many possibilities of being affected by aspartame in the brain and with losing weight for me to take the risk anymore. Cheers

Annik
10-27-2013, 09:34 PM
I read Mercola a lot, too.

I find him kind of inspiring!

it's good to connect, Jojo!

Annik

Annik
11-04-2013, 02:18 AM
A list of studies about aspartame: http://aspartame.mercola.com/sites/aspartame/studies.aspx

Deana509
11-18-2013, 03:30 PM
FOund a new article on aspartame, very interesting read: http://rhondagessner.wordpress.com/2013/09/02/a-killer-in-your-fridge-sweet-poison-a-must-read/