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For liquid measurements, 1 cup = 8 oz. But things get tricky for dry measurements; for example, a pint of a given dry product equates to greater than one pint of a liquid product (~1.16 pints or so). I don't have a really good answer for you, as I tend to estimate and would say that your almonds would be 2 oz. (1 cup = 8 oz., so divide both by 4) and the noodles would be 8 oz. Does anyone get more exact than this, given the issue of the products being 'dry' and thus there being air pockets taken into account when measuring?