Fatty Acids Metabolism: How Fat Generates Energy

Fatty acids metabolism is especially essential for energy production. Everyone knows energy comes from food, and that we all need food to have enough energy to move, contract our muscles, and to produce body heat. While fats and carbohydrates are the main sources of energy, amino acids and folic acid also produce energy.

How Fatty Acids Provide Energy

According to biochemistry, energy comes from a few basic fuel molecules: glucose, fructose, fatty acids, and amino acids. Fatty acids, found in fish oil and cod liver oil, are usually ingested as triglycerides. Triglycerides cannot be absorbed by your intestine. Instead, your body breaks the triglycerides down into free fatty acids and monoglycerides. As the fatty acids are broken down, the molecules are dismantled by oxidation, and energy is released. While excess glucose can be stored as fat, triglycerides produce twice the energy as carbohydrates or proteins

Fatty acids are also important for the regulation and control of metabolic reactions. When your body experiences low blood glucose or increased metabolic demand and needs more energy, the oxidation of fatty acids is increased to meet that need.

How much energy your body requires is determined by your physical activity and your metabolism. Your energy balance shifts with variations in your food intake and exercise. Regular exercise is beneficial in helping your body regulate your normal body weight because it helps you balance energy input with output.

Why Fatty Acids are Essential

While Americans have tried to decrease the amount of fat they eat in order to lose weight in recent years, it is estimated that 80 percent of Americans have become deficient in vitamins and essential fatty acids. This poses serious health concerns in our country.

Fat is not as unhealthy as it has been blamed to be. In addition to generating energy, fat assists your nervous system, and helps your body absorb important fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, K, and Beta-Carotene. Fat also boosts your immune system, which protects you from getting sick from harmful germs.

Incorporate Healthy Fatty Acids Into Your Diet

Instead of trying to eliminate fat from your diet, seek out healthy fats and essential fatty acids. Eating a balanced diet with essential fatty acids and exercising regularly will help you stay healthy and properly energized. A diet should include proper amounts of essential fatty acids from foods like:

  • salmon
  • herring
  • mackerel
  • almonds
  • walnuts
  • hem seed oil
  • hemp hearts
  • dark green leafy vegetables
  • olive oil
  • flaxseed
  • whole grains
  • lean meats
  •  eggs

About Author

Posts By content