EPA fatty acid is an important omega-3 essential fatty acid. Research conducted in the 1970s determined that both EPA fatty acid and DHA, which are both omega-3 essential fatty acids, provide many and varied health benefits when they are a regular part of your diet.
EPA Omega 3 Health Benefits
EPA, Eicosapentaenoic acid, is one of several omega-3 fatty acids your body uses, and it has been proven to provide health benefits for coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, and inflammatory disorders including rheumatoid arthritis.
EPA is now also being studied as a treatment for cancer tumors, because it is believed EPA fatty acids can modulate tumor cell growth.
Where to Find EPA Fatty Acids
EPA can be found in:
- cold water fish such as wild salmon
- fish oil
- cod liver oil
- fish oil supplements
DHA Omega 3 Health Benefits
DHA, docosahexaenoic acid, is an omega-3 fatty acid that is required for nervous system development in babies and proper brain function in adults. Low levels of DHA can cause reduced brain serotonin levels and can result in depression, ADHD, cognitive decline, and Alzheimer’s disease. Your body naturally produces some DHA, but not enough to ensure proper biochemical functioning. Research has provided evidence that DHA from cold water fatty fish or DHA supplements may help to prevent and treat diseases of the brain that are associated with low levels of DHA.
There is also evidence that DHA supports healthy brain development in young children-especially premature infants.
EPA and DHA Omega 3 Supplements
Including EPA and DHA from omega-3 in your diet is very important in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and rheumatoid arthritis. EPA and DHA supplements are known to improve flexibility and reduce joint stiffness and soreness among rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Researchers are also studying EPA and DHA as potential treatments for ulcerative colitis.
More Omega 3 Fatty Acids Health Benefits
With so many proven health benefits, Americans are now increasing their intake of EPA and DHA omega-3 fatty acids. Beyond the major health benefits, omega-3 also improves skin, hair, and fingernail texture-so you will look as good as you feel. There are many good reasons to add omega-3 fatty acids to your regular diet with omega-3 foods or supplements. Ask your doctor for guidance.