Hyponatremia is the medical term for the condition of low sodium levels, or not getting enough salt. Generally, athletes and seniors are prone to this illness. Athletes perspire a lot, which causes them to lose a lot of sodium through their sweat. This is especially true of athletes who work out in very hot conditions. With the world on a rash of “low salt and sodium diets,” it is important that you are careful not to eliminate too much salt from your diet. This is especially true if you are drinking more water. Studies have shown that you can have an adverse effect due to consuming too little sodium and too much water. The body can take the appropriate measures when too much salt is in the body, yet it is difficult for the body to automatically replenish its salt levels. The way to determine if you suffer from hyponatremia is to have a blood sodium test done by a doctor. Here are seven health risks that can occur from consuming too little salt:
1. Muscle Cramps
When your salt level is too low, your muscles begin to cramp up. This is due to the fact that your body is drawing sodium out of your muscles, which can be very painful.
Dizziness can be caused by your sodium levels being drastically low in your body.
3. Unexplained Fatigue
Unexplained fatigue can stem from low sodium levels in the body which causes you to have very low energy levels due to the sodium deficiency.
4. Loss of Consciousness
When your sodium levels are drastically low, this can cause you to lose conciseness. This creates its own dangers, such as collapsing in an unsafe area or when performing a task, such as driving a motor vehicle.
5. Breathing Difficulties
Sodium levels in the body, when they reach their extremes, either extremely high or extremely low levels, can create difficulties in breathing.
Lack of the proper levels of sodium in the body can cause you to lapse into a coma after losing consciousness. This is a very serious problem and would require long-term medical treatment.
In very extreme cases, people have even died due to extreme sodium loss and low levels of sodium. Again, however, this is a highly extreme circumstance and does not occur very often, likely due to the fact that people seek medical treatment before this can occur.
Sodium is an important part of your daily diet. Although most people have to contend with too much salt in their diets, when you have low sodium levels in the body, you must take precautionary measures as well. There are medicines that you can take that will maintain your sodium levels. However, a better solution to the low-sodium problem is to change your diet.